Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 States and territories of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai which is the fourth largest city in India and a major port on the Bay of Bengal. Tamil Nadu lies in the southern most part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by Puducherry (Pondicherry), Kerala , Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Palakkad on the west, Bay of Bengal in the east, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait in the south east and Indian Ocean in the south. Tamil Nadu is the land of the Tamils and it has a history that dates back to several thousand years. It is a land where traditions and culture blend and continue to live in harmony. The state abounds in monuments and temples that are ancient and each has its own story of religious, artistic and cultural accomplishment and specialty.
Tamil Nadu, India's cultural capital was formerly known, as Madras State is located in southeast India. Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of the country and the voluminous confluence of the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea is a part of the state. With its 1000 km long coastline dotted with dense coconut groves, whose heads gracefully sway to and fro in the breeze, whispering delicious secrets to one another and enclose the solitary ocean glittering like a jewel in a brass setting, the state has some of the country's most exquisite natural backwaters.
Tamil Nadu encompasses the latitudinal parallel of 13°05'North and longitudinal meridian of 80°16'East and covers an area of approximately 130,058 sq. km. The state is enclosed between Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
Tamil Nadu, is one of the country's urban states with well-developed transport and communication facilities that connect the state with all major industrial hubs and also the rest of the country. The state has an opulent road network with 24 national highways that form the state's arterial network as well as several well-maintained local roads. The state also houses railways junctions at Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai and Tiruchirapalli. Chennai has its own Suburban Railway network and is on the verge of coming up with its own metro station.
Two of India’s major seaports are located in Tamil Nadu—in the north at Chennai and in the south at Tuticorin. The international airport at Meenambakkam, near Chennai, is one of the largest airports in India. Domestic flights are available from a number of other cities, including Madurai, Coimbatore, and Tuticorin. The state also has provisions for sea travel that is facilitated by three bustling ports at Chennai, Ennore and Tuticorin, as well as one intermediate port at Nagapattinam and seven minor ports.
Tamil Nadu with its picturesque beauty, ancient temples that easily pass of, as remarkable architectural edifices, well-developed infrastructure and wonderful sightseeing destinations are a tourist's haven abounding in cultural delights.